EQUINE CLICKER TRAINING.....
                                                               using precision and positive reinforcement to teach horses and people
 
         

Additional Resources Page for the book:

 

 

Teaching Horses with Positive Reinforcement


A Guide to Achieving Success with Clicker Training



  

This page is under development. I will be adding pictures, videos, and supplemental material as I have time. If you have a question about the book, please contact me at kabart315@gmail.com

Thank you.

 

 

Chapter 1: What is Clicker Training?

 

Recommended reading/viewing:

 

These are in addition to the references included in the book.

 

Lads Before the Wind by Karen Pryor: If you want to learn more about the early days of applied operant conditioning as used in animal training (outside the lab), this is a great book. Karen is an excellent writer who is knowledgeable, interesting, and easy to read.

 

Reaching the Animal Mind by Karen Pryor: This book was published in 2009 and takes a broader look at what we have learned about clicker training, how animals learn, and other advances in positive reinforcement training since the early days of clicker training. The book has its own website: http://reachingtheanimalmind.com/

 

Clicker training and TAGteach: This article in the online magazine, "The Horse" describes one of the newer applications of TAGteach (clicker training for people), which is teaching surgeons how to use surgical tools. Sharing information about how the principles of clicker training can be applied across all species can be a good way to encourage people to give clicker training a try. You can find the article at:

https://thehorse.com/159125/if-your-surgeon-was-clicker-trained-why-not-your-horse/

 

Karen Pryor at ABA: The Art and Science of Animal Training has made available the speech that Karen Pryor gave at the Association of Behavior Analysis International Convention in 1992.  The speech is titled “If I Could Talk to the Animals: Reinforcement Interactions as Communication” and offers a glimpse into what behavior analysis was like in the early 1990's. A lot of the points that Karen raises are still important today, and you may find that some of them are useful when you are trying to explain why you choose to train with positive reinforcement.

 

 

What can you do with clicker training? Here are some of the more unusual applications

 

Train a guide horse for the blind: Ann Edie, a student of Alexandra Kurland, is legally blind. When her old guide dog retired and she had difficulty finding a new one, she and Alex decided to train a miniature horse to be her guide. Alex has chronicled the training on her website www.theclickercenter.com.

 

Using clicker training for conservation: At the Art and Science of Animal Training Conference in 2016, Ken Ramirez shared notes on some of the more unusual projects he has participated in. Topics included re-introducing wild animals, managing exotic animal populations, and using clicker training for management and husbandry with exotic species.

 

 

Chapter 2: Clicks, Treats, and What's in Between

 

Types of clickers

 

 

Standard "box" clicker

 

 

Karen Pryor "i-click"

 

 

Karen Pryor i-click on wrist coil

 

 

Chapter 3: A Little Bit of Science

 

Recommended reading:

 

Behavior Analysis for Effective Teaching by Julie Vargas: This book's focus is on teaching human students but much of the content applies to teaching any species. If you are teaching other poeple to train, then you have to learn how to teach both types of students (human and horse) and this book contains some good information.

 

Chapter 4: Training Strategies

 

Chapter 5: Training Sessions

 

Chapter 6: Targeting

Types of targets:

 

     
target sticks and disc cones  

 

You can also combine disc cones and target sticks with traffic cones, as shown below.

 

 

 

 

Marine buoys on dowels are another popular option (www.clickertraining.com):

 

Examples of targeting as part of husbandry and medical behaviors:

 

Buster learns to use an inhaler

Tooth inspection blog with video link

 

 

Chapter 7: A Relaxed Stand

 

Chapter 8: Head Lowering

 

Chapter 9: Mat Work


Chapter 10: Backing


Chapter 11: Other First Behaviors


Chapter 12: Looking Forward

 

Notes:

 

CHAPTER 1: WHAT IS CLICKER TRAINING?


What is Clicker Training?

Dani Weinberg quote: Weinberg, Dani. 2006. Teaching People Teaching Dogs. (New York:  Howln Moon Press), 27.

Dani Weinberg’s website: http://home.earthlink.net/~hardpretzel/DaniDogPage.html

The Butterfly Project: https://www.clickertraining.com/the-butterfly-project

Training Pouched Rats to Detect Landmines: https://news.nationalgeographic.com/2015/10/151006-giant-rats-landmines-cambodia-science-animals/


Are There Different Styles of Clicker Training?

ClickerExpo: www.clickerexpo.com

Karen Pryor clicker training: www.clickertraining.com

Art and Science of Animal Training Conference: http://www.artandscienceofanimaltraining.org/conference/

Suggested resources on reading body language in horses:

Many resources are available on this subject but do be aware that they are based on the author’s interpretation. Here are a few that I have found useful, as they describe the types of body language that we need to learn to observe.

Bennet, Deb, Ph.D. 2000. The Birdie Book: An Internal Geography of Rider and Horse. This is available on her website www.equinestudies.org as a CD-ROM. It has lots of pictures and descriptions of horse body language.

Draaisma, Rachael. 2018. Language Signs and Calming Signals of Horses: Recognition and Application. (Boca Raton, Florida: Taylor and Francis Group, LLC).

McDonnell, Sue, PhD. 2003. A Practical Field Guide to Equine Behavior: The Equid Ethogram. (Lexington, Kentucky: The Blood-Horse, Inc).

 

Are we Trainers, or Teachers?

Kay Laurence: www.learningaboutdogs.com

Alexandra Kurland (The Click that Teaches): www.theclickercenter.com

Connection Training: http://www.connectiontraining.com/

Alexandra Kurland’s blog: www.theclickercenterblog.com

Claudeen McAuliffe quote: McAuliffe, Claudeen E. 2006. Mindful Dog Training. (Oconomowoc, Wisconsin: Kindness Canine Behavior Consultants LLC), 1. This book is available from www.dogwise.com.

Kurland, Alexandra. Notes from the 2013 Equine Clicker Conference, included with her permission.

 

Why Do I Clicker Train?

Kathy Sdao’s website: www.kathysdao.com

Kathy Sdao quote: Sdao, Kathy. 2012. Plenty in Life is Free. (Wenatchee, Washington: Dogwise), 81-82.

 

CHAPTER 2: CLICKS, TREATS, AND WHAT HAPPENS IN BETWEEN


Training with Food

Dr. Kellon’s website: www.drkellon.com

ECIR website: www.ecirhorse.org

 

Learning About the Clicker

The clicker as a marker signal: Pryor, Karen. 2009. Reaching the Animal Mind. (New York: Scribner). 83.

More information on marker signals:  https://equineclickertraining.wordpress.com/2017/02/16/marker-signals-thinking-beyond-the-click/

Jenifer Zeligs’ website: https://animaltraining.us/about-2/

Jenifer Zeligs quote: Zeligs, Jenifer. 2014. Animal Training 101. (Minneapolis, Minnesota: Millcity Press). 55.

Research on click vs. voice: Wood, Lindsey. 2008. Her Master’s Thesis on Teaching Shelter Dogs with a clicker vs. voice makers. You can read about it at:  http://www.clickertraining.com/node/1960.

blog post on marker signals: https://equineclickertraining.wordpress.com/2017/02/16/marker-signals-thinking-beyond-the-click/

i-Click: https://www.clickertraining.com/node/4397

 

The Basics of Food Delivery

Alexandra Kurland’s blog showing backing for food delivery: https://theclickercenterblog.com/2015/11/20/

Website article on strategic food delivery: http://www.equineclickertraining.com/articles/food_delivery.html

Website article on food delivery for riding: http://www.equineclickertraining.com/articles/getting_started_riding.html

Mugging

Blog post on chains: https://equineclickertraining.wordpress.com/2015/09/28/fetch-a-fun-game-and-an-introduction-to-behavior-chains/

Reference to Dr. Susan Friedman’s Living and Learning with Animals Course. Offered through www.behaviorworks.org every fall.

 

Motivation  

Definition of motivation: www.oxford dictionaries.com

Friedman, Susan. 2010. “P-A-R-R-O-T do Tell, Best Practices for Teaching Animals” PsittaScene August 2010. 14-17. (Information on constructs) - https://tinyurl.com/yd9a3apl

Barbara Heidenreich: www.goodbirdinc.com

Barbara Heidenreich paper: “The Ethics of Animal Training and Handling.”  2008. Presented at The International Association of Avian Trainers and Educators Conference: Alphen aan den Rijn, The Netherlands, March 5–8, 2008.

 

Timing

SMART x 50: Sdao, Kathy. 2012. Plenty in Life is Free. (Wenatchee, Washington: Dogwise), 48-64.

Loopy Training: Kurland, Alexandra. 2011. Loopy Training. (DVD) The Clicker Center LLC.

Website article on loopy training: http://www.equineclickertraining.com/articles/loopy_training_new.html

 

CHAPTER 3: A LITTLE BIT OF SCIENCE


Susan Friedman quote:
Friedman, Susan. 2008. “10 Things Your Parrot Wants You to Know About Behavior,” PsittaScene May 2008. You can read it here: http://www.behaviorworks.org/files/articles/10%20Things%20Your%20Parrots%20Want%20You%20to%20Know.pdf

 

Operant Conditioning

B.F. Skinner biographical information: Vargas, Julie. 2009. Behavior Analysis for Effective Teaching. (New York, New York: Routledge). 7-8.

Definition of operant conditioning:  Chance, Paul. 2003. Learning and Behavior, 5th edition. (Belmont, Ca: Wadsworth/Thompson Learning). 138.

Definition of a stimulus:  Chance, Paul. 2003. Learning and Behavior, 5th edition. (Belmont, Ca: Wadsworth/Thompson Learning). 454.

Poisoned cues:  The best source for more information on this is Alexandra Kurland’s DVD “The Poisoned Cue,” available on her website, www.theclickercenter.com. If you want to read the original study, you can find it on the ORCA website, under The Effects of Combining Negative and Positive Reinforcement.

For more information on operant conditioning, I recommend finding a used copy of a textbook. The one I use the most is Paul Chance’s Learning and Behavior, but I’ve seen some others that contain similar information. Books on Behavior Analysis can also be helpful, but they tend to contain more jargon.

Dr. Jesús Rosales-Ruiz bio: https://orgs.unt.edu/orca/bio/dr-jesus-rosales-ruiz/

Organization for Reinforcement Contingencies for Animals (ORCA): http://orgs.unt.edu/orca/

ClickerExpo notes on Dr. Jesus Rosales-Ruiz’s talk on the quadrants: https://equineclickertraining.wordpress.com/2016/04/02/notes-from-clickerexpo-dr-jesus-rosales-ruiz-the-quadrant-quandry-clarity-and-perspective-on-an-icon/

Karen Pryor on extinction (notes from ClickerExpo): http://www.equineclickertraining.com/articles/clickerexpo2014_new.html#Pryor

Jesús Rosales-Ruiz on resurgence (notes from ClickerExpo): http://www.equineclickertraining.com/articles/clickerexpo2014_new.html#Rosales-Ruiz

Two books that I recommend are Karen Pryor’s Don’t Shoot the Dog, and Pamela Reid’s Excel-erated Learning. Both books were written for the general public and are easy to read. They may contain some different terminology than that used by professionals in the fields of psychology and behavior analysis, but the material is clear and well presented.

 

Punishment

Bob Bailey’s website: www.behavior1.com

Susan Friedman quote: Friedman, Susan. 2010. APDT Journal March/April 2010. You can read it here: http://behaviorworks.org/files/articles/APDT%20What's%20Wrong%20with%20this%20Picture%20-%20Dogs.pdf

Steve White quote: White, Steve. Trainer’s Pocket Reference. Shared with permission from Steve White.

Steve White’s website: www.proactivek9.com

Karen Pryor quote: Pryor, Karen. 2009. Reaching the Animal Mind. (New York: Scribner). 14.

Brené Brown quote: Brown, Brené. 2012.Daring Greatly. (New York: Penguin (Gotham), 184.

 

Classical Conditioning

Definition of a stimulus: Chance, Paul. 2003. Learning and Behavior, 5th edition. (Belmont, Ca: Wadsworth/Thompson Learning). 454.

Definition of classical conditioning: Cooper, John O., Heron, Timothy E., and Heward, William L. 2014. Applied Behavior Analysis, 2nd edition. (Essex, UK: Pearson Education Limited). 15.

Classical conditioning is not just for reflexes: 2018. Private discussion with Dr. Joe Layng and Dr. Rosales-Ruiz.

Discussion of types of classical conditioning: Chance, Paul. 2003. Learning and Behavior, 5th edition. (Belmont, Ca: Wadsworth/Thompson Learning). 79-80.

Notes on how to use classical conditioning: Sdao, Kathy. 2014. Lecture at Clicker Expo. My original notes are available at http://www.equineclickertraining.com/articles/clickerexpo2014_new.html

Definition of desensitization: Cooper, John O., Heron, Timothy E., and Heward, William L. 2014. Applied Behavior Analysis, 2nd edition. (Essex, UK: Pearson Education Limited). 17.

Definition of flooding: McGreevy, P.D. and Boakes, R.A. Carrots and Sticks: Principles of Animal Training. 2007. (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press). 287.

Reference to exposure therapy: Boudewyns, Patrick A. and Shipley, Robert H. Flooding and Implosive Therapy in Clinical Practice. 1983. (New York, NY: Springer Science and Business).

Definition of habituation: Ramirez, Ken. 1999. Animal Training. (Chicago, Illinois: Shedd Aquarium). 542.

 

Reinforcement

Definition of reinforcement: Chance, Paul. 2003. Learning and Behavior, 5th edition. (Belmont, Ca: Wadsworth/Thompson Learning). 454.

Definitions of types of reinforcers: Chance, Paul. 2003. Learning and Behavior, 5th edition. (Belmont, Ca: Wadsworth/Thompson Learning). 453-454.

Research on different reinforcers: LeBlanc, Michel-Antoine. 2013. The Mind of the Horse. (Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press). 5 quotes – locations are 5639-40, 5734, 5766, 5782, 5797 (kindle locations on e-book).

Leslie McDevitt quote: McDevitt, Leslie. 2007. Control Unleashed. (South Hadley, Mass:  Clean Run Productions LLC). 211.

Kay Laurence quote: Laurence, Kay. 2013. Clicker Revolution. (Chipping Camden, UK: Learning About Dogs Limited). 92.

 

The Click as a Conditioned Reinforcer

Blog on marker signals: https://equineclickertraining.wordpress.com/2017/02/16/marker-signals-thinking-beyond-the-click/

Research on the effect of treating after every other click:
Wennmacher, Pamela L.
(2007) Effects of Click + Continuous Food Vs. Click + Intermittent Food on the Maintenance of Dog Behavior. http://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc3598/

On the effect of clicking multiple times before reinforcing:
Martin, S. & Friedman, S.G. (2011, November). Blazing Clickers. Paper presented at the Animal Behavior Management Alliance Conference, Denver. Co. You can read the article on Dr. Friedman’s website
www.behaviorworks.org.

Blog on conditioned reinforcers (ASAT 2017 notes): https://equineclickertraining.wordpress.com/2017/03/24/notes-from-the-art-and-science-of-animal-training-conference-orca-dr-jesus-rosales-ruiz-on-conditioned-reinforcers-are-worth-maintaining/

 

How Neuroscience Can Help Us with Training

Dr. Jaak Panksepp on the seven systems:
Panksepp, Jaak. 2014. Lecture at The Art and Sciences of Animal Training Conference in Denton, Texas. You can find the same material in his book Archaeology of Mind, page 35-38.

TED talk by Dr. Panksepp: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=65e2qScV_K8

Karen Pryor on the SEEKING system:
Pryor, Karen. 2014. On My Mind. (Waltham, Mass: Sunshine Books (KPCT), location 198.

 

Reinforcement and Bribery

Susan Friedman quote: Friedman, Susan. 2005. ‘He said, She said, Science Says.” Good Bird Magazine Volume 1-1, Spring 2005. You can read it here: http://www.behaviorworks.org/files/articles/He%20Said,%20She%20Said,%20Science%20Says.pdf

Karen Pryor quote: Pryor, Karen. 2009. Reaching the Animal Mind. (New York: Scribner). 144.

 

CHAPTER 4: TRAINING STRATEGIES


An Introduction to Cues

Rules of stimulus control: Pryor, Karen. 1999. Don’t Shoot the Dog. (New York: Bantam). 73.

Blog post on cues: https://equineclickertraining.wordpress.com/2016/02/05/do-you-have-a-cue-for-that/

Targeting

Touching the Goblins: Kurland, Alexandra. 2003. The Click That Teaches: A Step-by-Step Guide in Pictures. (Delmar, NY: The Clicker Center LLC). 118.

Blog post “Aurora gets a bath: https://equineclickertraining.wordpress.com/2016/06/14/aurora-gets-a-bath-some-tips-on-how-to-train-your-horse-for-husbandry-behaviors/

Blog post “Tooth Inspection:” https://equineclickertraining.wordpress.com/2017/10/20/teaching-husbandry-behaviors-with-clicker-training-tooth-inspection/

Blog post on body part targeting: https://equineclickertraining.wordpress.com/2015/10/28/body-part-targeting-moving-beyond-nose-targeting/

Blog post on using targets to ride out: https://equineclickertraining.wordpress.com/2016/10/04/using-targeting-to-build-confidence-when-riding-outside-the-ring/

 

Luring

Notes on luring: Laurence, Kay. 2015. Intelligent Dog Trainers Course. On-line course where I learned the finer details of luring. Kay teaches a variety of courses and you can find them listed on her website, www.learningaboutdogs.com.

Going operant: Laurence, Kay. 2013. Clicker Revolution. (Chipping Camden, UK: Learning About Dogs Limited). 110.

Shaping

Micro-shaping: Laurence, Kay. 2013. Clicker Revolution. (Chipping Camden, UK: Learning About Dogs Limited). 55.

Blog on micro-shaping: https://equineclickertraining.wordpress.com/2016/03/02/notes-from-the-art-and-science-of-animal-training-conference-orca-kay-laurence-on-micro-shaping/

 

Choosing Your Training Strategy

Self-directed and directed learning: Laurence, Kay. 2013. Clicker Revolution. (Chipping Camden, UK: Learning About Dogs Limited). 44-50.

A Closer Look at the Process of Shaping

10 Laws of Shaping: Pryor, Karen. 1999. Don’t Shoot the Dog. (New York: Bantam). 40.

 

A Shaping Plan to Teach Whales to Blow Bubble Rings

Ramirez, Ken. 2015. Presentation on Shaping Beluga Whales to Blow Bubbles. Art and Science of Animal Training Conference. Denton, Texas. Unpublished, article is based on personal notes, shared with Ken Ramirez’s permission.

 

CHAPTER 5: TRAINING SESSIONS


Reinforcement Schedules and Variety

Reinforcement schedules: Chance, Paul. 2003. Learning and Behavior, 5th edition. (Belmont, Ca: Wadsworth/Thompson Learning). 347-355.

ClickerExpo notes on reinforcement substitutes: http://www.equineclickertraining.com/articles/clickerexpo2008_new.html

ClickerExpo notes on chains: http://www.equineclickertraining.com/articles/clickerexpo2011_new.html

 

How to Introduce Your Horse to Clicker Training

Website article “Taking Clicker Training from the Classroom to Real Life:” http://www.equineclickertraining.com/articles/classroom_to_real_life.html

 

What Behaviors Should You Train First?

Foundation behaviors: Kurland, Alexandra. 2005. The Click That Teaches: Riding with the Clicker. (Delmar, NY: The Clicker Center LLC). 13-14.

 

CHAPTER 6: TARGETING


I learned targeting from Alexandra Kurland and this section is based on a combination of her work and my own experience. If you would like more information on how Alexandra Kurland teaches targeting, you should visit her website www.theclickercenter.com.

An Introduction to Targeting

Reference to Kay Laurence’s Intelligent Dog Training Course, offered by Kay Laurence from 2015-2017.  For more information on Kay’s courses, visit www.learningaboutdogs.com

Adding a New Cue to the Behavior “Touch the Target”

Stimulus control: Pryor, Karen. 1999. Don’t Shoot the Dog. (New York: Bantam). 73.

 

Building Duration: Waiting at a Target

Blog on body part targeting: https://equineclickertraining.wordpress.com/2015/10/28/body-part-targeting-moving-beyond-nose-targeting/

Website article on duration: http://www.equineclickertraining.com/articles/duration_new.html

 

CHAPTER 7: A RELAXED STAND


“The Grown-ups are Talking, Please Don’t Interrupt”

Grown-ups: Kurland, Alexandra. 2003. The Click that Teaches, A Step by Step Guide in Pictures. (Delmar, NY:  The ClickerCenter, LLC). 31.  

 

CHAPTER 8: HEAD LOWERING


I learned head lowering from Alexandra Kurland and the information in this chapter is based on a combination of her work and my own experience. If you would like more information on how Alexandra Kurland teaches head lowering, you can find additional resources on her website,  www.theclickercenter.com.


An Introduction to Head Lowering

Head lowering: Kurland, Alexandra. 2006.The Click that Teaches Lesson 3: Head lowering: Your Calm-Down Cue (DVD). (Delmar, NY: TheClickerCenter LLC).
Head lowering:
Kurland, Alexandra. 2003. The Click that Teaches, A Step by Step Guide in Pictures. (Delmar, NY:  The ClickerCenter, LLC). 23-27.

 

Head Lowering: Adding Cues, Duration and Movement

Backing in a square exercise: Kurland, Alexandra. 2005. The Click that Teaches, Riding with the Clicker. (Delmar, NY: TheClickerCenter LLC). 38-39.
Starter button vs. constant on cues:
Kurland, Alexandra. 1998. Clicker Training for Your Horse. (Waltham, Ma: Sunshine Books). 64-65.

 

CHAPTER 9: MAT WORK


I learned mat work from Alexandra Kurland and this section is based on a combination of her work and my own experience. If you would like more information on how Alexandra Kurland teaches mat work, you can find additional resources on her website,  
www.theclickercenter.com.


An Introduction to Mat Work

Alexandra Kurland’s approach to mat work: Kurland, Alexandra. 2003. The Click that Teaches, A Step by Step Guide in Pictures. (Delmar, NY:  The ClickerCenter, LLC). Kurland, Alexandra. 33-35.

 

A Training Plan for Mat work

Margaret’s mind map for mat work: http://www.equineclickertraining.com/articles/matdiagram_new.html

 

More Advanced Mat work

Blog on using a mat as the terminal behavior in a chain: https://equineclickertraining.wordpress.com/2016/10/21/a-training-strategy-for-building-duration-backchain-it-by-using-a-terminal-behavior/

 

CHAPTER 10: BACKING


I learned to shape backing from Alexandra Kurland and this section is based on a combination of her work and my own experience. If you would like more information on how Alexandra Kurland teaches backing, you can find additional resources on her website,
www.theclickercenter.com.


An Introduction to Backing

Alexandra Kurland’s approach to backing: Kurland, Alexandra. 2003. The Click that Teaches, A Step by Step Guide in Pictures. (Delmar, NY:  The ClickerCenter, LLC). Kurland, Alexandra. 88-92.

Cues as information: Pryor, Karen. On My Mind. 2014. (Waltham, Mass: Sunshine Books). Location 2489 (e-book).2489.

 

CHAPTER 11: OTHER FIRST BEHAVIORS


Blog on husbandry behaviors:
https://equineclickertraining.wordpress.com/2016/06/14/aurora-gets-a-bath-some-tips-on-how-to-train-your-horse-for-husbandry-behaviors/

 

Can I Touch You?

Blog on body part targeting: https://equineclickertraining.wordpress.com/2015/10/28/body-part-targeting-moving-beyond-nose-targeting/

 

Walking Forward

Blog on using cones, mats and poles: https://equineclickertraining.wordpress.com/2017/10/29/cones-mats-and-targets-putting-them-to-use-in-ground-and-ridden-work-to-teach-new-behaviors-and-facilitate-learning/

 

Happy Faces

Description of Happy Faces: Kurland, Alexandra. 2003. The Click that Teaches, A Step by Step Guide in Pictures. (Delmar, NY:  The ClickerCenter, LLC). Kurland, Alexandra. 36.

A Balanced Halt

Pre-WWYLM game: Kurland, Alexandra. Private instruction.

 

CHAPTER 12: LOOKING FORWARD


Learning from Dogs: Thoughts on Science and Relationships

Alexandra Horowitz quote: Horowitz, Alexandra. 2009. Inside of a Dog. (New York: Scribner). 280.

Alexandra Horowitz’s author page:  http://www.simonandschuster.com/authors/Alexandra-Horowitz/46971319

 

Find Your Troop

Steve Peters quote: Peters, Steve. 2011. The Chimp Paradox. (New York: Jeremy P. Tarcher/Penguin). 172

Steve Peters quote: Peters, Steve. 2011. The Chimp Paradox. (New York: Jeremy P. Tarcher/Penguin). 178

Steve Peters’ author page: https://www.penguin.co.uk/authors/prof-steve-peters/1065654/

Educational opportunities page on my website: http://www.equineclickertraining.com/community/educational_opportunities.html

 

Making Decisions

Malcolm Gladwell’s author page: https://www.littlebrown.com/?s=malcolm+gladwell

Daniel Kahneman quote: Kahneman, Daniel. 2011. Thinking Fast and Slow. (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux). 21-34.

Daniel Kahneman quote: Kahneman, Daniel. 2011. Thinking Fast and Slow. (New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux). 286.

Daniel Kahneman’s author page: http://us.macmillan.com/books/9780374533557

 

Advances in the Use of Positive Reinforcement in Animal Training

Susan Friedman quotes: Friedman, Susan. 2008. Avian Behavior:  An Evolving Discipline. Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery. 66-72. You can read the article at http://www.behaviorworks.org/files/journals/JAMS%20Round%20Table%20Discussion.pdf